A cartouche is an ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic name plate, shaped like an oval with a horizontal bar at the base of the oval and a king's name written inside of the oval. Traditionally, the cartouche was written on tombs and coffins to mark who was inside. The ancient Egyptians believed that each person had two souls, the Ba and the Ka, which needed to find their way back to the body after death in order to move on to the afterlife. Sometimes, the pharaohs would wear an amulet-style cartouche, to help ward them from evil spirits and attract good luck. The cartouche is a hieroglyphic symbol, with the oval signifying a rope, and the horizontal line symbolizing the rope being tied together at the bottom to form an enclosed loop. It was believed by the Egyptians that the rope circle represented everything enclosed by the sun, symbolizing the king's power over the universe.
The Ankh is one of the most recognizable symbols from ancient Egypt, known as "the key of life" or the "cross of life", and dating from the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3150 - 2613 BCE). It is a cross with a loop at the top, sometimes ornamented with symbols or decorative flourishes, but most often simply a plain gold cross. The symbol is an Egyptian hieroglyph for "life" or "breath of life" (`nh = ankh) and, as the Egyptians believed that one's earthly journey was only part of an eternal life, the ankh symbolizes both mortal existence and the afterlife. It is one of the most ancient symbols of Egypt, often seen with the died and was symbols, carried by a multitude of the Egyptian gods in tomb paintings and inscriptions and worn by Egyptians as an amulet.
The Eye of Horus
The Eye of Horus also known as The Eye of Ra, is an ancient Egyptian symbol, of protection, health, royalty, and sovereignty. The Eye was a representation of the goddess Wadjet, protector of lower Egypt, and after the unification of the two kingdoms, she became the patron of Egypt, and the eye became a symbol of royal power.
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